John Martinson, CFA, is an equity analyst with a large pension fund. His supervisor, Linda Packard, asks him to write a report on Karp Inc. Karp prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Packard is particularly interested in the effects of the company’s use of the LIFO method to account for its inventory. For this purpose, Martinson collects the financial data presented in Exhibits F and G.
Martinson finds the following information in the notes to the financial statements:
• Th e LIFO reserves as of 31 December 2009 and 2008 are $155 million and $117 million, respectively; and
• Th e effective income tax rate applicable to Karp for 2009 and earlier periods is 20%.
If Karp had used FIFO instead of LIFO, the amount of cost of goods sold reported by Karp for the year ended 31 December 2009 would have been closest to:
A. $2,056 million.
B. $2,173 million.
C. $2,249 million.